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Wir fordern eine "starke internationale Antwort" / "We call for a strong international response"

Dokumentiert: Gemeinsame Erklärung zu Syrien - verabschiedet am Rande des G20-Gipfels / Joint Statement on Syria

Am 6. September 2013 hatten die USA und zehn weitere Teilnehmerstaaten des G-20-Gipfels in Russland in einer gemeinsamen Erklärung eine "starke internationale Antwort" auf den Giftgaseinsatz in Syrien gefordert. Es handelt sich dabei nicht um ein offizielles Gipfeldokument. Deutschland hatte sich - als einziges europäisches G-20-Land - zunächst nicht an der Aktion beteiligt. Einen Tag später hieß es aus Berlin: Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel und Außenminister Westerwelle hätten entschieden, "dass wir uns der gestrigen Erklärung, die in St. Petersburg abgegeben wurde, anschließen können". So haben also 12 der 20 Gipfelteilnehmer das Statement unterzeichnet. Die 12 Unterzeichnerstaaten repräsentieren knapp 14 Prozent der Weltbevölkerung.

Die acht Staaten, die sich nicht beteiligten, sind Gastgeber Russland sowie Brasilien, China, Indien, Mexiko, Indonesien, Argentinien und Südafrika. Diese Staaten repräsentieren ca. 48 Prozent der Weltbevölkerung.

Wir dokumentieren im Folgenden den Text der "Gemeinsamen Erklärung".

Joint Statement on Syria

The Leaders and Representatives of Australia, Canada, France, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States of America * made the following statement on the margins of the Group of 20 Nations Leader’s Meeting in Saint Petersburg, Russia:

The international norm against the use of chemical weapons is longstanding and universal. The use of chemical weapons anywhere diminishes the security of people everywhere. Left unchallenged, it increases the risk of further use and proliferation of these weapons.

We condemn in the strongest terms the horrific chemical weapons attack in the suburbs of Damascus on August 21st that claimed the lives of so many men, women, and children. The evidence clearly points to the Syrian government being responsible for the attack, which is part of a pattern of chemical weapons use by the regime.

We call for a strong international response to this grave violation of the world’s rules and conscience that will send a clear message that this kind of atrocity can never be repeated. Those who perpetrated these crimes must be held accountable.

Signatories have consistently supported a strong UN Security Council Resolution, given the Security Council's responsibilities to lead the international response, but recognize that the Council remains paralyzed as it has been for two and a half years. The world cannot wait for endless failed processes that can only lead to increased suffering in Syria and regional instability. We support efforts undertaken by the United States and other countries to reinforce the prohibition on the use of chemical weapons.

We commit to supporting longer term international efforts, including through the United Nations, to address the enduring security challenge posed by Syria’s chemical weapons stockpiles. Signatories have also called for the UN fact finding mission to present its results as soon as possible, and for the Security Council to act accordingly.

We condemn in the strongest terms all human rights violations in Syria on all sides. More than 100,000 people have been killed in the conflict, more than 2 million people have become refugees, and approximately 5 million are internally displaced. Recognizing that Syria’s conflict has no military solution, we reaffirm our commitment to seek a peaceful political settlement through full implementation of the 2012 Geneva Communique. We are committed to a political solution which will result in a united, inclusive and democratic Syria.

We have contributed generously to the latest United Nations (UN) and ICRC appeals for humanitarian assistance and will continue to provide support to address the growing humanitarian needs in Syria and their impact on regional countries. We welcome the contributions announced at the meeting of donor countries on the margins of the G20. We call upon all parties to allow humanitarian actors safe and unhindered access to those in need.

European signatories will continue to engage in promoting a common European position.

Quelle: Website des Weißen Hauses; http://www.whitehouse.gov

* Anmerkung: Einen Tag später erklärte die Bundesregierung, der Erklärung nachträglich beigetreten zu sein.

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