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Karsai verweigert Treffen mit Obama

US-Präsident besucht überraschend seine Kriegstruppen am Hindukusch *

US-Präsident Barack Obama hat erstmals seit zwei Jahren Afghanistan besucht und seinen Kriegstruppen dort für deren »außergewöhnlichen« Einsatz gedankt. Mit dem scheidenden afghanischen Präsidenten Hamid Karsai kam Obama bei dem Truppenbesuch am Sonntag abend nicht zusammen. Der Präsidentenpalast in Kabul teilte am Montag mit, Karsai habe ein von der US-Regierung angefragtes Treffen mit Obama auf dem US-Stützpunkt Bagram verweigert.

Ein hochrangiger Vertreter der US-Regierung sagte, Obama habe vor seiner Abreise aus Bagram 15 bis 20 Minuten mit Karsai telefoniert. Das Verhältnis zwischen beiden Präsidenten ist belastet. Karsai macht die USA für zivile Opfer bei Militäroperationen verantwortlich. Er warf Washington zudem mehrfach vor, sich in interne afghanische Angelegenheiten einzumischen.

Obama äußerte bei dem nur vierstündigen Besuch in Bagram die Hoffnung, daß es nach der Wahl eines neuen afghanischen Präsidenten im Juni rasch zur Unterzeichnung eines bilateralen Sicherheitsabkommens kommt. Es gelte, die über lange Jahre mit vielen Opfern erzielten Fortschritte zu sichern, sagte Obama. Eine andauernde Militärpräsenz würde sicherstellen, »daß Afghanistan nie wieder Ausgangspunkt für eine Attacke gegen unser Land wird«.

Das Sicherheitsabkommen ist Voraussetzung für einen internationalen Militäreinsatz in Afghanistan über das Jahresende hinaus. Die beiden Kandidaten für das Präsidentenamt bei der Stichwahl in Afghanistan am 14. Juni – Exaußenminister Abdullah Abdullah und der frühere Finanzminister Aschraf Ghani – haben zugesagt, das Abkommen zu unterschreiben. Karsai hat seine Unterschrift verweigert.

In Afghanistan sind zur Zeit noch etwa 32000 US-Soldaten stationiert. Obama will nach Abschluß des Kampfeinsatzes Ende 2014 noch ein Restkontingent im Land belassen, das bei der Ausbildung der afghanischen Sicherheitskräfte und beim »Antiterrorkampf« helfen soll.

* Aus: junge Welt, Dienstag, 27. Mai 2014

DOKUMENTIERT: Die Ansprache von US-Präsident Obama bei seinem überraschenden Besuch in Bagram, Afghanistan.

US-Präsident Obama besuchte am 27. Mai 2014 Afghanistan und hielt auf der Airbase Bagram vor etwa 3000 Soldaten eine Ansprache, die wirr im Folgenden im Wortlaut dokumentieren. Vor ihm gab der Country-Sänger Brad Paisley eine Vorstellung.

Remarks by the President to the Troops at Bagram Air Base, Afghanistan

THE PRESIDENT: Hello, Bagram! (Applause.) Well, I know it's a little late, but I was in the neighborhood and thought I'd stop by. (Applause.) First of all, I want everybody to give a huge round of applause to your commander, General Joe Dunford. Please give him an outstanding, rousing acknowledgement. (Applause.) I am grateful to him for his leadership of our coalition here in Afghanistan, and for his lifetime of distinguished service -- to the Marine Corps and to America.

And can everybody please give it up to Brad Paisley? (Applause.) Now, I want to say this about Brad. First of all, he’s a great supporter of our troops, a great supporter of your families. Two years ago we had him at the White House to perform for troops and military families during the Fourth of July celebration. Him coming here today was not easy. He had just started a tour and he had to juggle a lot of stuff and had to try to figure out how to explain it to people without explaining it to people, and his wife and two young sons, and promoters and agents -- and without going into details, this was a big sacrifice for him. And he did it because he cares so deeply about you. So I'm so grateful to him.

I want to make clear, though, I will not be singing so --

AUDIENCE: Awwww --

THE PRESIDENT: Oh, you really want me to sing? (Applause.) No, but I do want to just say to Brad, thank you so much for doing this.

I want to acknowledge our outstanding Ambassador, Jim Cunningham, who’s here, with his lovely wife. And Jim leads an incredible team of civilians -- at our embassy and across this country. They are also making sacrifices, also away from their families, oftentimes themselves at risk as they serve. I know those of you in uniform couldn’t do your jobs without these Americans as your partners. So we salute the dedicated service of all the civilians who are here, led by Jim Cunningham. Give them a big round of applause. (Applause.)

Now, I guess I also should mention that we've got a few folks here as part of the 10th Mountain Division -- (applause) -- “Climb To Glory.” (Applause.) We got the 455th Airwing in the house. (Applause.) Task Force Muleskinner -- (applause) -- Task Force Thunder -- (applause) -- Task Force Rugged -- (applause.)

To all of you, I’m here on a single mission, and that is to thank you for your extraordinary service. (Applause.) I thank you as your Commander-in-Chief because you inspire me. Your willingness to serve, to step forward at a time of war, and say “send me,” is the reason the United States stays strong and free. Of all the honors that I have serving as President, nothing matches serving as your Commander-in-Chief. (Applause.)

But I’m also here representing 300 million Americans who want to say thank you as well. (Applause.) I know sometimes when you're over here, away from home, away from family, you may not truly absorb how much the folks back home are thinking about you. So I just want you to know when it comes to supporting you and your families, the American people stand united. We support you. We are proud of you. We stand in awe of your service.

And you can see it in American actions every single day. You see it in the kids across America who send you all those care packages -- and all those Girl Scout cookies. (Applause.) Those are pretty popular, huh? (Applause.) You like those cookies, huh? (Applause.) All right. I'll bet you’ll get some more now. (Applause.)

You see it in the neighbors and the coworkers who volunteer to help your moms and dads, and wives and husbands, and sons and daughters at school and on their sports teams. You see it at the airport when you return stateside -- all the folks standing up, applauding, lining up to shake your hand and welcoming you home.

We see it when entire stadiums get to their feet to salute our troops and our veterans. Just the other day, I welcomed the Super Bowl champion Seattle Seahawks -- (Applause and boos.) Listen, I'm a Bears’ fan, but I -- (applause) -- but the one thing I saw and I've seen in every sports team that comes to the White House is the work that they do, visiting Walter Reed, Bethesda, doing work with military families. In fact, to help announce their draft picks this month, the Seattle Seahawks selected Jeff Baker, who’s a Seahawks fan but also a veteran of Iraq and Afghanistan and a proud sergeant in the U.S. Army, to make that draft pick. (Applause.) Because they wanted to send a signal that we love our sports and we love our football -- that's fun and games, but this is the competition that counts and these are the real heroes. (Applause.)

You see America’s gratitude every time I present a veteran of Afghanistan with our nation’s highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor. We bestow that medal on an individual. But every time -- every time that we bestow that medal, whoever is the recipient says he accepts it on behalf of the whole team and everybody who wears the uniform of the American Armed Forces. And when those citations are read, Americans all across the country stop and they listen -- and they’re stirred by the sacrifices you render for each other, and for all of us.

So I'm here to say thank you and I'm here to say how proud I am of you. (Applause.) And I'm here to say how proud I am of your families -- (applause) -- because in some ways, in ways large and small, they’re sacrificing just like you are.

But I’m also here because after more than a decade of war, we’re at a pivotal moment. Last year marked a major milestone -- for the first time, Afghan forces took the lead to secure their own country. And today, you’re in a support role -- helping to train and assist Afghan forces. For many of you, this will be your last tour in Afghanistan. (Applause.) And by the end of this year, the transition will be complete and Afghans will take full responsibility for their security, and our combat mission will be over. America’s war in Afghanistan will come to a responsible end. (Applause.)

Now, that progress is because of you and the more than half a million Americans -- military and civilian -- who’ve served here in Afghanistan. And I don’t want you to ever forget why you are here or how vital your mission is to our national security.

Some of you may know, recently, I was in New York City, and we were there to dedicate the new 9/11 Museum. I had time to spend with the survivors, and with families who lost loved ones, and with the first responders who had rushed to the scene -- and had a chance to ponder the portraits and the biographies of the thousands who were killed that day, and to think about those who were killed in Pennsylvania and at the Pentagon. And once again, we resolved to never forget what happened on that September day -- and to do everything in our power to prevent something like that from ever happening again. That’s why you’re here. That's why you're here.

And I notice -- some of you don't remember -- because as I was getting a briefing while Brad was singing, I saw a picture of the Twin Towers in the Operation Room nearby, so I know you don't forget.

And four years ago, on my first visit to Bagram as President, I laid out our mission. And General Dunford and Ambassador Cunningham just gave me a briefing on your progress. And today, every single one of you, everybody who has served here, and all the members of our coalition can be proud because you are completing our mission. You're completing the mission.

We said that we were going to deny al Qaeda safe haven. And since then, we have decimated the al Qaeda leadership in the tribal regions, and our troops here at Bagram played a central role in supporting our counterterrorism operations -- including the one that delivered justice to Osama bin Laden. (Applause.) So, along with our intelligence personnel, you’ve helped prevent attacks and save American lives back home. Al Qaeda is on its heels in this part of the world, and that’s because of you.

We said that we were going to reverse the Taliban’s momentum. And so you went on the offensive, driving the Taliban out of its strongholds. Look, everybody knows Afghanistan is still a very dangerous place. Insurgents still launch cowardly attacks against innocent civilians. But just look at the progress that you’ve made possible -- Afghans reclaiming their communities, and more girls returning to school, dramatic improvements in public health and life expectancy and literacy. That's your legacy. That's what you did. Even with all the challenges, more Afghans have hope for their future. And so much of that is because of you.

We said that we were going to strengthen the capacity of Afghan forces so they could take more responsibility for their own security. So you’ve been training Afghan forces and building Afghan forces up. And we know they’ve still got a long way to go. But for nearly a year, Afghans have been in the lead, and they’re making enormous sacrifices. You look at the casualties they’re taking on. They are willing to fight. Afghan forces are growing stronger. Afghans are proud to be defending their own country -- and, again, so much of that is because of you.

Think about last month’s election. Despite all the threats from the Taliban, the Afghan people refused to be terrorized. They registered to vote. Afghan security forces secured thousands of polling places. Then millions of Afghans lined up to cast their ballot. And next month’s runoff will be another step toward the first democratic transfer of power in the history of this nation. That’s a tribute to the courage and determination of the people of Afghanistan. But it is also a tribute to you and the sacrifices of so many Americans and our coalition partners -- everything that you’ve done over the years.

We know that this progress has come at a heavy price. Tomorrow is Memorial Day. At bases here in Afghanistan and towns across America, we will pause and we'll pay tribute to all those who’ve laid down their lives for our freedom. And that includes nearly 2,200 American patriots who made the ultimate sacrifice, that last, full measure of devotion, right here in Afghanistan. I know you’ve stood in front of those battle crosses. I know many of you carry the memories of your fallen comrades in your heart today. We will honor every single one of them -- not just tomorrow, but forever.

I want you to know our gratitude is shared by the Afghan people. One of them -- one of Afghanistan’s leading women, a member of parliament -- recently wrote an open letter. I don't know if many of you had a chance to see it. She described all the changes that have taken place here, including millions of girls going to school and pursuing their dreams. And she wrote this -- I want you to listen to this -- she wrote: “It’s been a difficult journey, marked by blood and violence, but we have made significant gains and achievements, which would not have been possible without the generous support of the international community, especially the American people.” Especially the American people. She’s talking about all of you. She’s talking about your families. She’s talking about those who we've lost. That’s the difference -- and the legacy -- that you can be proud of.

Now, even as our combat mission ends later this year, I want everybody to know, in this country and across the region, America’s commitment to the people of Afghanistan will endure. With our strategic partnership, we’ll continue to stand with Afghans as they strengthen their institutions, as they build their economy, as they improve their lives -- men and women, and boys and girls.

I’ve made it clear that we’re prepared to continue cooperating with our Afghan partners on two security missions -- training and equipping Afghan forces and targeting -- counterterrorism targets against al Qaeda. And once Afghanistan has sworn in its new president, I’m hopeful we’ll sign a bilateral security agreement that lets us move forward. And with that bilateral security agreement, assuming it is signed, we can plan for a limited military presence in Afghanistan beyond 2014. Because after all the sacrifices we’ve made, we want to preserve the gains that you have helped to win. And we’re going to make sure that Afghanistan can never again, ever, be used again to launch an attack against our country.

So our combat mission here will come to an end. But our obligations to you and your families have only just begun. The al Qaeda leadership may be on the ropes, but in other regions of the world al Qaeda affiliates are evolving and pose a serious threat. We’re going to have to stay strong and we're going to have to stay vigilant. And fortunately, we’ve got the best-led, best-trained, best-equipped military in human history. (Applause.) And as Commander-in Chief, I’m going to keep it that way. (Applause.)

We’re going to stay strong by taking care of your families back home. First Lady Michelle and Vice President Joe Biden’s wife Jill have made this their mission -- because your families serve, too. They’re heroes on the home front. And so we’re going to keep Joining Forces to make sure more Americans are stepping up to support and honor those extraordinary families.

We’re going to stay strong by taking care of our wounded warriors and our veterans. (Applause.) Because helping our wounded warriors and veterans heal isn’t just a promise, it’s a sacred obligation. As you come home, some of you will return to civilian life, and we want to make sure you can enjoy the American Dream that you helped to defend. So with the transition assistance to help you begin the next chapter of your life -- that's going to keep America strong. The credentials and licenses to help you find a job worthy of your incredible skills -- that will keep America strong. Making sure the Post-9/11 GI Bill is in place and delivering for you the kind of education that you have earned -- that will keep America strong. (Applause.)

And I keep on saying to every company back home -- if you want somebody who knows how to get the job done, hire a vet. (Applause.) Hire a vet. Hire a vet. (Applause.) Because like generations before you, we need you to help us write the next great chapter in the American story, and I know you’ll do that because I’ve seen the character of your service, and I know the strength of our country.

Going back to New York and thinking about that tragedy 12 years ago, in those awful moments after the Twin Towers fell, as the wreckage was still burning, those at the scene were desperately looking for survivors -- one of those searching was a detective with the NYPD. And as he climbed through the debris, he spotted something in the rubble -- it was a flag. It was torn up. Parts of it were burned, but it was still intact.

And today, that flag is at the 9/11 Museum. It’s dusty. And it's torn, and you can see the burn marks from the fires. That flag has been through a lot. But the thing you notice is its broad stripes and bright stars still shine. (Applause.) Its red, white and blue still inspire. After all it’s been through, after all America has been through, our flag is still there. (Applause.)

And our flag is still there because when our nation was attacked, a generation -- this generation, the 9/11 Generation -- stepped up and said “send me.” Our flag is still there because you’ve served with honor in dusty villages and city streets, and in rugged bases and remote outposts, in Helmand and Kandahar, and Khost and Kunar and Paktika and Nuristan. Our flag is still there because through this long war you never wavered in your belief that people deserve to live free from fear -- over here and back home. Our flag will always be there, because the freedom and liberty it represents to the world will always be defended by patriots like you. (Applause.)

So I'm here to say thank you. I'm here to say I'm proud of you. The American people are proud of you. God bless you. God bless the United States Armed Forces. And God Bless our United States of America. (Applause.) Thank you very much, everybody. (Applause.)

Quelle: Website des Weißen Hauses, http://www.whitehouse.gov/

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