Dieser Internet-Auftritt kann nach dem Tod des Webmasters, Peter Strutynski, bis auf Weiteres nicht aktualisiert werden. Er steht jedoch weiterhin als Archiv mit Beiträgen aus den Jahren 1996 – 2015 zur Verfügung.

US-Marine befreite Kapitän

Somalische Piraten erschossen / Deutscher Frachter bleibt besetzt

Nach fünf Tagen in der Gewalt von somalischen Piraten haben Scharfschützen der US-Marine den Kapitän Richard Phillips befreit. Drei der vier Piraten wurden bei dem Einsatz vor der Küste Somalias am Sonntag erschossen.

Washington (AFP/ND). Der Einsatz zur Befreiung des 53-jährigen US-Kapitäns erfolgte am Sonntagabend (11. April) um 19.19 Uhr Ortszeit. Die in einem Beiboot über das Meer treibenden Piraten hätten mit Kalaschnikowgewehren auf den gefesselten Phillips gezielt, sagte Vizeadmiral Bill Gortney. Der Befehlshabende vor Ort habe sich daraufhin »binnen Sekunden« zum Eingreifen entschlossen.

Die Scharfschützen an Bord des Kriegsschiffes »USS Bainbridge« eröffneten demnach das Feuer und erschossen drei Piraten, der vierte Pirat ergab sich und wurde festgenommen. Nach CNN-Informationen waren die Scharfschützen per Hubschrauber an den Einsatzort geflogen worden. Der überlebende Pirat ist laut US-Medien erst etwa 16 Jahre alt. US-Präsident Barack Obama hatte laut Gortney den Einsatz gegen die Geiselnehmer angeordnet.

Vor dem Einsatz hatte die US-Armee nach eigenen Angaben an Bord der »Bainbridge« mit einem der Piraten über eine Freilassung des Kapitäns verhandelt. Dessen Lösegeldforderung habe die US-Seite jedoch abgelehnt, sagte Gortney. Der Pirat sei daraufhin auf das von den Geiselnehmern genutzte Rettungsboot des Frachters »Maersk Alabama« zurückgekehrt. Phillips hatte sich nach dem Piratenangriff auf seinen Frachter »Maersk Alabama« am Mittwoch nach Berichten von US-Medien als Geisel zur Verfügung gestellt, woraufhin der Frachter nach Kenia weiterfahren konnte.

Die Piraten kündigten Rache für den Tod ihrer Mistreiter an. In einem Telefonat mit AFP sagte der in Eyl (Somalia) ansässige Piratenanführer Abdi Garad, seine Leute würden künftig vor allem US-Bürger angreifen und dies auch sehr weit von somalischen Gewässern entfernt.

Am Freitag (10. April) hatten Spezialkräfte der französischen Armee das vor Somalia entführte Segelboot »Tanit« gewaltsam aus den Händen von Piraten befreit. Dabei starben der französische Bootsführer sowie zwei Piraten. Vier Geiseln kamen bei der Aktion unversehrt frei, drei Piraten wurden festgenommen.

Der vor anderthalb Wochen vor Somalia gekaperte deutsche Frachter »Hansa Stavanger« blieb in der Hand von Piraten. Der Krisenstab des Auswärtigen Amtes bemühe sich intensiv um eine Lösung, sagte eine Ministeriumssprecherin am Montag in Berlin. Der »Spiegel« hatte vor einigen Tagen berichtet, der Krisenstab habe zwischenzeitlich eine gewaltsame Befreiung des unter anderem mit fünf Deutschen besetzten Schiffes geplant, das Vorhaben aber fallen lassen.

* Aus: Neues Deutschland, 14. April 2009

You are being lied to about pirates

Some are clearly just gangsters. But others are trying to stop illegal dumping and trawling

By Johann Hari **

Who imagined that in 2009, the world's governments would be declaring a new War on Pirates? As you read this, the British Royal Navy - backed by the ships of more than two dozen nations, from the US to China - is sailing into Somalian waters to take on men we still picture as parrot-on-the-shoulder pantomime villains. They will soon be fighting Somalian ships and even chasing the pirates onto land, into one of the most broken countries on earth. But behind the arrr-me-hearties oddness of this tale, there is an untold scandal. The people our governments are labelling as "one of the great menaces of our times" have an extraordinary story to tell - and some justice on their side.

Pirates have never been quite who we think they are. In the "golden age of piracy" - from 1650 to 1730 - the idea of the pirate as the senseless, savage Bluebeard that lingers today was created by the British government in a great propaganda heave. Many ordinary people believed it was false: pirates were often saved from the gallows by supportive crowds. Why? What did they see that we can't? In his book Villains Of All Nations, the historian Marcus Rediker pores through the evidence.

If you became a merchant or navy sailor then - plucked from the docks of London's East End, young and hungry - you ended up in a floating wooden Hell. You worked all hours on a cramped, half-starved ship, and if you slacked off, the all-powerful captain would whip you with the Cat O' Nine Tails. If you slacked often, you could be thrown overboard. And at the end of months or years of this, you were often cheated of your wages.

Pirates were the first people to rebel against this world. They mutinied - and created a different way of working on the seas. Once they had a ship, the pirates elected their captains, and made all their decisions collectively, without torture. They shared their bounty out in what Rediker calls "one of the most egalitarian plans for the disposition of resources to be found anywhere in the eighteenth century".

They even took in escaped African slaves and lived with them as equals. The pirates showed "quite clearly - and subversively - that ships did not have to be run in the brutal and oppressive ways of the merchant service and the Royal Navy." This is why they were romantic heroes, despite being unproductive thieves.

The words of one pirate from that lost age, a young British man called William Scott, should echo into this new age of piracy. Just before he was hanged in Charleston, South Carolina, he said: "What I did was to keep me from perishing. I was forced to go a-pirateing to live." In 1991, the government of Somalia collapsed. Its nine million people have been teetering on starvation ever since - and the ugliest forces in the Western world have seen this as a great opportunity to steal the country's food supply and dump our nuclear waste in their seas.

Yes: nuclear waste. As soon as the government was gone, mysterious European ships started appearing off the coast of Somalia, dumping vast barrels into the ocean. The coastal population began to sicken. At first they suffered strange rashes, nausea and malformed babies. Then, after the 2005 tsunami, hundreds of the dumped and leaking barrels washed up on shore. People began to suffer from radiation sickness, and more than 300 died.

Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah, the UN envoy to Somalia, tells me: "Somebody is dumping nuclear material here. There is also lead, and heavy metals such as cadmium and mercury - you name it." Much of it can be traced back to European hospitals and factories, who seem to be passing it on to the Italian mafia to "dispose" of cheaply. When I asked Mr Ould-Abdallah what European governments were doing about it, he said with a sigh: "Nothing. There has been no clean-up, no compensation, and no prevention."

At the same time, other European ships have been looting Somalia's seas of their greatest resource: seafood. We have destroyed our own fish stocks by overexploitation - and now we have moved on to theirs. More than $300m-worth of tuna, shrimp, and lobster are being stolen every year by illegal trawlers. The local fishermen are now starving. Mohammed Hussein, a fisherman in the town of Marka 100km south of Mogadishu, told Reuters: "If nothing is done, there soon won't be much fish left in our coastal waters."

This is the context in which the "pirates" have emerged. Somalian fishermen took speedboats to try to dissuade the dumpers and trawlers, or at least levy a "tax" on them. They call themselves the Volunteer Coastguard of Somalia - and ordinary Somalis agree. The independent Somalian news site WardheerNews found 70 per cent "strongly supported the piracy as a form of national defence".

No, this doesn't make hostage-taking justifiable, and yes, some are clearly just gangsters - especially those who have held up World Food Programme supplies. But in a telephone interview, one of the pirate leaders, Sugule Ali: "We don't consider ourselves sea bandits. We consider sea bandits [to be] those who illegally fish and dump in our seas." William Scott would understand.

Did we expect starving Somalians to stand passively on their beaches, paddling in our toxic waste, and watch us snatch their fish to eat in restaurants in London and Paris and Rome? We won't act on those crimes - the only sane solution to this problem - but when some of the fishermen responded by disrupting the transit-corridor for 20 per cent of the world's oil supply, we swiftly send in the gunboats.

The story of the 2009 war on piracy was best summarised by another pirate, who lived and died in the fourth century BC. He was captured and brought to Alexander the Great, who demanded to know "what he meant by keeping possession of the sea." The pirate smiled, and responded: "What you mean by seizing the whole earth; but because I do it with a petty ship, I am called a robber, while you, who do it with a great fleet, are called emperor." Once again, our great imperial fleets sail - but who is the robber?

* Monday, 5 January 2009
Independent [UK]; www.independent.co.uk

Zurück zur "Piraten"-Seite

Zur Somalia-Seite

Zur USA-Seite

Zurück zur Homepage