UN-Generalversammlung verurteilt Israel, 20.11.2006 (Friedensratschlag)
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"... Condemning the military assaults being carried out by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Gaza Strip" ("... Verurteilt die militärischen Angriffe der israelischen Besatzungsmacht im Gazastreifen")

UN-Generalversammlung verabschiedet mit überwältigender Mehrheit eine Resolution zur Beendigung der Gewalt (Wortlaut englisch)

Die Vereinten Nationen fordern ein sofortiges Ende der Gewalt in Nahost. Israelis und Palästinenser müssten jede Art von Gewalt unverzüglich einstellen, forderte die Vollversammlung der UNO in New York am 17. November 2006 mit überwältigender Mehrheit. In der Entschließung heißt es, Israel müsse auch seine Militäreinsätze im Gazastreifen beenden, und der palästinensische Raketenbeschuss auf israelisches Gebiet müsse aufhören.
Die UN-Vollversammlung rief Israel als Besatzungsmacht auf, "unverzüglich seine Militäreinsätze einzustellen, die die palästinensische Zivilbevölkerung im besetzten Gebiet in Gefahr bringen". Außerdem müsse Israel seine Armee wieder aus dem Gazastreifen abziehen. Jede Art von Gewalt, Terrorismus, Provokation, Anstachelung und Zerstörung zwischen Israelis und Palästinensern müsse sofort aufhören, hieß es in der Entschließung, die allerdings nicht bindend ist.
UN-Generalsekretär Annan solle zudem Ermittlungen zum israelischen Luftangriff in Beit Hanun aufnehmen lassen, bei dem vergangene Woche 19 Palästinenser ums Leben gekommen waren. Die Vollversammlung verabschiedete die Entschließung mit 156 zu sieben Stimmen; sechs Staaten enthielten sich. Für die Resolution stimmten auch alle 25 Länder der Europäischen Union. Eine Gegenstimme gaben neben Israel auch die Vereinigten Staaten ab. Eingebracht hatte den Text der UN-Botschafter von Katar, Abdulaziz al-Nasser, im Namen arabischer Staaten.
Zwei Tage zuvor hatte der UN-Menschenrechtsrat in Genf auf seiner dritten Sondersitzung ebenfalls eine Resolution verabschiedet. Näheres hierzu siehe: "UN Human Rights Council condemns the Israeli killing of Palestinian civilians...".
Im Folgenden dokumentieren wir den Resolutionsentwurf , wie er am 15. November 2006 von den unten stehenden Staaten eingebracht wurde.
Bemerkenswert ist, dass sich die Generalversammlung mit dem Thema überhaupt befassen konnte, nachdem der Sicherheitsrat eine Woche vorher damit schon befasst war. Die Generalversammlung berief sich auf einen Präzedenzfall aus dem Jahr 1950, die sog. "Uniting for peace"-Resolution [377 A (V)]. Danach kann die Generalversammlung tätig werden, wenn der Sicherheitsrat aufgrund der Uneinigkeit seiner Mitglieder seiner Verantwortung für den Frieden und die internationale Sicherheit nicht gerecht wird. Die Presseabteilung der Vereinten Nationen schreibt dazu:
Last Saturday, the United States vetoed a similar draft resolution before the Security Council. That text would have had the 15-nation body condemn Israeli military operations in Gaza, “which have caused loss of civilian life”, as well as condemn Palestinian rocket fire into Israel, while calling for an immediate withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Gaza Strip and a cessation of violence by both parties in the conflict. The text was defeated by a vote of 10 in favour to 1 against, with 4 abstentions ( Denmark, Japan, Slovakia, United Kingdom).
Under it’s 56-year old “uniting for peace” resolution 377 A (V), the Assembly can immediately consider, and “make appropriate recommendations to Members for collective measures,” when the Council, “because of lack of unanimity of the permanent members, fails to exercise its primary responsibility for the maintenance in any case where there appears to be a threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression”.
The tenth emergency special session dates back to 1997, when Israel began construction of a new settlement south of East Jerusalem. The Security Council met twice on that issue, but failed to adopt resolutions. Using the “uniting for peace” formula, a special emergency session of the Assembly was convened in April, and again in July and November of 1997. It also resumed in 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001.



General Assembly
A/ES-10/L.19
15 November 2006

Tenth emergency special session
Agenda item 5:
Illegal Israeli actions in Occupied East Jerusalem and the rest of the Occupied Palestinian Territory

Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen and Palestine: draft resolution

Illegal Israeli actions in Occupied East Jerusalem and the rest of the Occupied Palestinian Territory

The General Assembly,

Recalling its relevant resolutions, including resolutions of the tenth emergency special session,

Reaffirming Security Council resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 446 (1979), 1322 (2000), 1397 (2002), 1402 (2002), 1403 (2002), 1405 (2002), 1435 (2002), 1515 (2003) and 1544 (2004),

Reaffirming also the applicable rules and principles of international law, including humanitarian and human rights laws, in particular the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949,[1]

Expressing grave concern at the continued deterioration of the situation on the ground in the Palestinian Territory occupied by Israel since 1967 during the recent period, particularly as a result of the indiscriminate and disproportionate use of force by Israel, the occupying Power, which has caused extensive loss of civilian Palestinian life and injuries, including among children and women,

Condemning the military assaults being carried out by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Gaza Strip, which have caused loss of life and extensive destruction of Palestinian property and vital infrastructure,

Condemning in particular the killing of many Palestinian civilians, including children and women, by Israel, the occupying Power, that took place in Beit Hanoun on 8 November 2006,

Emphasizing the importance of the safety and well-being of all civilians and condemning all attacks against civilians on both sides,

1. Calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to immediately cease its military assaults against the Palestinian civilian population in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and to immediately withdraw its forces from within the Gaza Strip to positions held prior to 28 June 2006;

2. Demands the immediate cessation of military incursions and all acts of violence, terror, provocation, incitement and destruction between the Israeli and Palestinian sides, including extrajudicial executions, bombardment against Palestinian civilian areas, air raids and firing of rockets, as was agreed in the Sharm el-Sheikh understandings of 8 February 2005;

3. Requests the Secretary-General to establish a fact-finding mission on the attack that took place in Beit Hanoun on 8 November 2006 and to report thereon to the General Assembly within thirty days;

4. Calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to scrupulously abide by its obligations and responsibilities under the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949,[1] in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem;

5. Emphasizes the need to preserve Palestinian institutions, infrastructure and properties;

6. Expresses grave concern about the dire humanitarian situation of the Palestinian people, and calls for the provision of emergency assistance to them;

7. Emphasizes the urgency of ensuring that medical and humanitarian organizations are granted unhindered access to the Palestinian civilian population at all times and of allowing the severely injured a speedy exit outside the Occupied Palestinian Territory for needed treatment;

8. Calls upon the international community, including the Quartet, to take immediate steps to stabilize the situation and restart the peace process, including through the establishment of an international mechanism for the protection of civilian populations;

9. Calls upon the parties, with the support of the international community, to take immediate steps, including confidence-building measures, towards the objective of resuming peace negotiations;

10. Stresses the importance of and the need to achieve a just, comprehensive, and lasting peace in the Middle East, based on all relevant Security Council resolutions, including resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 1397 (2002) and 1515 (2003), the Madrid terms of reference, the principle of land for peace, the Arab Peace Initiative adopted by the League of Arab States at its fourteenth session, held in Beirut on 27 and 28 March 2002,[2] and the road map;[3]

11. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly on the implementation of the present resolution in a timely manner;

12. Decides to adjourn the tenth emergency special session temporarily and to authorize the President of the General Assembly at its most recent session to resume its meeting upon request from Member States.

Notes
  1. United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973.
  2. A/56/1026-S/2002/932, annex II, resolution 14/221.
  3. /2003/529, annex.

Source: http://domino.un.org


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