Schaffung einer multinationalen Streitmacht im Irak
The Security Council authorizes a multinational force
Der Resolutions-Entwurf der USA für den UN-Sicherheitsrat im Wortlaut
Text of the United States' draft resolution
Im Folgenden dokumentieren wir den Entwurf der USA vom 4. September 2003 zu einer Irak-Resolution im UN-Sicherheitsrat. Es geht darin um die Schaffung einer UN-mandatierten multinationalen Streitkraft, die indessen an der Oberhoheit der Kriegsalliierten nicht rütteln soll.
Ziffer 10 enthält die Aufforderung an die Staaten, sich an einer solchen multinationalen Truppe zu beteiligen,
- in Ziffer 11 wird als Hauptaufgabe dieser Truppen ihr Beitrag zur Sicherheit der UNAMI (der Hilfsmission der UN im Irak), der Institutionen der Behörde ("interim authority", zur Zeit unter Leitung von Paul Bremer, USA) und des regierenden Rats sowie zur Sicherung wichtiger "humanitärer" Infrastruktur- und Wirtschaftseinrichtungen genannt.
Ziffer 17 macht deutlich, wer weiter das Sagen hat: Die USA berichten - im Namen der multinationalen Verbände) dem UN-Sicherheitsrat über Erfolge und den Fortgang des Prozesses im Irak.
Es folgt der Text des Entwurfs in englischer Sprache:
Text of US draft resolution on Iraq
The following is the text of the United States' draft resolution aimed at creating a multinational force in Iraq, presented to the United Nations Security Council on 4 September 2003:
The Security Council,
Reaffirming its previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolution 1483 (2003) of 22 May 2003 and 1500 (2003) of 14 August 2003, and on threats to peace and security caused by terrorist acts, including resolution 1373 (2001) and other relevant resolutions,
Reaffirming the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Iraq,
Cognizant that the bombing of the Embassy of Jordan on 7 August 2003, the bombing of the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad on 19 August 2003, and the bombing of the Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf on 29 August 2003, are attacks on the people of Iraq, the UN and the international community,
Recalling, in that context, the Presidential Statement of 21 August 2003 (S/PRST/2003/13),
Recognizing that international support for restoration of conditions of stability and security is essential to the well being of the people of Iraq, as well as to the ability of all concerned to carry out their work on behalf of the people of Iraq,
Welcoming the decision of the Governing Council of Iraq to form a preparatory constitutional committee to form a constitutional conference that will draft a constitution to embody the aspirations of the Iraqi people,
Determining that the situation in Iraq, although improved, continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
1. Expresses deep sympathy and condolences for the personal losses suffered by the Iraqi people and by the United Nations and the families of those United Nations personnel and other innocent victims who were killed or injured in these tragic attacks; 2. Unequivocally condemns the bombing of the Embassy of Jordan on 7 August 2003, the terrorist attack on United Nations headquarters in Baghdad on 19 August 2003, and the bombing of the Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf on 29 August 2003, and emphasizes that those responsible must be brought to justice;
3. Reaffirms its resolve that the United Nations, acting through the Secretary General, his Special Representative, and the United Nations Assistance Mission in Iraq, should play a vital role in Iraq, as set out in relevant paragraphs of resolutions 1483 (2003) and 1500 (2003), including by providing humanitarian relief, promoting the economic reconstruction of and conditions for sustainable development in Iraq, and advancing efforts to restore and establish national and local institutions for representative governance;
4. Welcomes the positive response of the international community, in particular that of Member States of the region, to the establishment of the broadly representative Governing Council as an important step towards an internationally recognized, representative government, endorses the Governing Council as the principal body of the Iraqi interim administration, and supports the Governing Council's efforts to mobilize the people of Iraq, including by the appointment of a cabinet of ministers;
5. Calls upon countries in the region, particularly neighbors of Iraq to respect Iraq's unity, territorial integrity, and security, and to prevent the transit of terrorists to Iraq, arms for terrorists, and financing that would support terrorists.
6. Invites the Governing Council to provide in co-operation with the Authority operating in Iraq and the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General a timetable and program for the drafting of a new constitution for Iraq and for the holding of democratic elections;
7. Welcomes, pursuant to the report of the Secretary General of 15 July 2003 and the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq as endorsed in resolution 1500 (2003), that the Special Representative will, inter alia, focus on the facilitation of national dialogue and consensus-building on the political transition process, the establishment of electoral processes, and assisting the Iraqi interim administration to rejoin the international community;
8. Requests the Secretary General to ensure that the resources of the United Nations and associated organizations are available, if requested by the Iraqi Governing Council, to help establish an electoral process in Iraq in furtherance of the program proposed by the Governing Council in paragraph six above, and encourages other organizations with expertise in this area to support the Iraqi Governing Council, if requested; 9. Welcomes the report of the Secretary General (S/2003/715), dated 17 July 2003, and requests that he continue his efforts to have the United Nations contribute to the improvement of the situation in Iraq in accordance with resolution 1433 (2003);
10. Determines that the provision of security and stability is essential to the successful completion of the political process as outlined in paragraph six above and to the ability of the United Nations to contribute effectively to that process and the implementation, of resolution 1483 (2003), authorizes a multinational force, under unified command to take all necessary measures to contribute to the maintenance of security and stability in Iraq and urges Member States to contribute assistance, including military forces, to that effort;
11. Notes that such forces as defined in paragraph ten above would, inter alia, contribute to the security of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq, the institutions of the Iraqi interim authority, including the Governing Council of Iraq, and key humanitarian and economic infrastructure;
12. Emphasizes the importance of establishing an effective Iraqi police force in maintaining security and combating terrorism consistent with paragraph four of resolution 1483, calls upon Member States and international and regional organizations to contribute to the training and equipping of Iraqi police;
13. Appeals to the international financial institutions to remain engaged in Iraq to assist the people of Iraq in the reconstruction and development of their economy, and calls upon those institutions to take immediate steps to provide their full range of loans and other financial assistance to Iraq, working with the Governing Council as the principal body of the Iraqi interim administration;
14. Urges Member States and international and regional organizations to accelerate the provision of substantial financial contributions to support the Iraq reconstruction effort initiated at the 24 June 2003 United Nations Technical Consultations, including substantial pledges at the 23-24 October 2003 international Donors Conference in Madrid; 15. Calls upon Member States and concerned organizations to help meet the needs of the Iraqi people by providing resources necessary for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of Iraq's economic infrastructure;
16. Reminds all Member States of their obligations under resolution 1483 (2003) immediately to identify and cause the transfer of all funds or other financial assets or economic resources covered by paragraph 23 of that resolution, including those Iraqi assets that may have been previously frozen, to the Development Fund for Iraq for the benefit of the Iraqi people;
17. Requests that the United States, on behalf of all Member States participating in the multinational force as outlined in paragraph ten above, report to the Security Council on the efforts and progress of this force as appropriate and not less than every six months;
18. Decides to remain seized of the matter.
Quelle: PUK (über das Internet verbreitet)
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