Dieser Internet-Auftritt kann nach dem Tod des Webmasters, Peter Strutynski, bis auf Weiteres nicht aktualisiert werden. Er steht jedoch weiterhin als Archiv mit Beiträgen aus den Jahren 1996 – 2015 zur Verfügung.

2006 starben in Irak mehr als 34.000 Zivilpersonen / Over 34,000 civilians killed in Iraq in 2006

Immer häufiger sind Palästinenser von Mord, Drohungen und Entführung betroffen / "Killings, threats, intimidations, and kidnappings are becoming the norm for Palestinians in Iraq"

Am 16. Januar 2007 die Irak-Mission der Vereinten Nationen (UNAMI) in Genf den neuesten Bericht über die Situation im Irak vor. Die Zahlen über die zivilen Todesopfer und Verletzten sind höher als bisher angenommen.
Im Folgenden dokumentieren wir eine deutsche Zusammenfassung sowie die ausführlichere Pressemitteilung der UNO (englisch).

UNO: In Irak starben über 34.000 Zivilisten *

Bericht zur Schreckensbilanz von 2006

Bei Gewalttaten sind laut UNO-Angaben in Irak im vergangenen Jahr mehr als 34 000 Zivilisten getötet worden. Weitere 36 000 Personen wurden 2006 verletzt.

Bagdad (AFP/ND). Von den insgesamt 34 452 getöteten Zivilisten kam mit 16 867 Opfern fast die Hälfte von ihnen in Bagdad ums Leben, teilte die Irak-Mission der UN (UNAMI) am Dienstag (16. Jan.) in Genf mit. Die meisten der in der Hauptstadt getöteten Menschen und täglich aufgefundenen Leichen wiesen auch Zeichen von Folter auf, hieß es. Allein in den beiden Monaten November und Dezember seien 6367 Menschen getötet und mindestens 6875 verletzt worden.

Die Gewalt wird in dem Bericht auch als ein Hauptgrund für Vertreibung und Migration von Irakern angesehen. Dazu gehörten auch gezielte Angriffe auf Personen- und Berufsgruppen, wie Lehrer, medizinisches Personal, Journalisten, Richter und Rechtsanwälte sowie religiöse und politische Führer.

Der UN-Bericht weist auch darauf hin, dass in Irak fast 31 000 Menschen festgehalten würden. Die Mehrheit der 30 842 Inhaftierten seien Angehörige der sunnitischen Bevölkerungsgruppe. Etwa die Hälfte aller Häftlinge sei von US-geführten internationalen Truppen festgenommen worden. Gegen die meisten Inhaftierten sei keine Anklage erhoben worden, zitierte der UN-Bericht das irakische Ministerium für Menschenrechte.

Ein Sprecher des Justizministeriums in Bagdad erklärte dagegen, die US-Armee und die irakischen Sicherheitskräfte hielten in ihren Gefängnissen derzeit mehr als 24 000 Iraker ohne Anklage fest.

Indes übte der irakische Vizepräsident Tarek el Haschemi in einem Interview Kritik an der Hinrichtung der beiden Gefolgsleute des Ex-Präsidenten Saddam Hussein. Die Nachricht von den Hinrichtungen Barsan el Tikritis und Awad el Bandars sei für ihn völlig überraschend gekommen, sagte er dem britischen Sender Channel 4 News. Der Präsidentschaftsrat habe eine Eingabe zur Verschiebung der Hinrichtungen gemacht, dennoch habe die Regierung »ohne vorherige Beratungen mit uns« die Todesstrafen vollstreckt. Ihm habe der Verlauf des Prozesses ebensowenig gefallen wie die Tötung der Angeklagten, betonte Haschemi, eines der wenigen sunnitischen Mitglieder in der schiitisch dominierten irakischen Führung.

UN-Generalsekretär Ban Ki Moon bedauerte die Hinrichtungen. Seine Sprecherin Michèle Montas wies am darauf hin, dass Ban im Vorfeld mehrmals an die irakische Regierung appelliert habe, im Fall von Saddam Husseins Halbbruder, Ex-Geheimdienstchef Barsan el Tikriti, und des ehemaligen Richters Awad el Bandar Milde walten zu lassen.

* Aus: Neues Deutschland, 17. Januar 2007

Over 34,000 civilians killed in Iraq in 2006, says UN report on rights violations **

16 January 2007 – Nearly 6,400 Iraqi civilians were killed in the November-December period, slightly less than in the preceding two months, as rampant and indiscriminate killings, sectarian violence, extra-judicial executions – and impunity for the perpetrators – continued virtually unchecked, according to the latest United Nations rights report released today.

It puts the total civilian casualty figure for the year 2006 at 34,452 dead and 36,685 injured. Asked why the UN death toll for the year was about three times higher than that reported by the Iraqi Government, a spokesman in New York said the UN figures were based on those provided by the Baghdad Medico-Legal Institute and the Iraqi Ministry of Health.

“An unprecedented number of execution-style killings have taken place in Baghdad and other parts of the country, whereby bodies were routinely found dumped in the streets, in rivers and in mass graves – most bearing signs of torture with their hands and feet bound, and some were beheaded,” the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) human rights report for the period says of “the modus operandi” of both Sunni and Shiite groups.

Without significant progress on the rule of law sectarian violence will continue indefinitely “and eventually spiral out of control,” thwarting efforts by the Government in the political, security or economic spheres, according to the report, which stresses the urgent need to fight impunity and seek accountability for crimes.

In virtually every sphere, and building on earlier reports, the latest study amounts to a litany of abuses ranging from attacks on women, minorities and professional groups to forced displacements, to the activities of the police and security forces and the United States-led Multi-National Force (MNF-I).

According to information made available to UNAMI, 6,376 civilians were killed in the two month period – 3,462 for November and 2,914 for December – compared with 7,054 for the previous two months, when October’s toll reached a new high of 3,709. Despite the “slight reduction… it is evident however that violence has not been contained,” the report warns.

It notes that law enforcement agencies do not provide effective protection. Increasingly militias and criminal gangs act in collusion with, or have infiltrated the security forces, while operations by security and military forces, including MNF-I, continue to result in growing numbers of individuals detained and without access to judicial oversight.

“Armed operations by MNF-I continued to restrict the enjoyment of human rights and to cause severe suffering to the local population,” the report says, citing use of facilities protected by the Geneva Conventions, such as hospitals and schools, as military bases, allegations that MNF-I snipers killed 13 civilians in one week in Ramadi, and lack of access to basic services, such as health and education, affecting a larger percentage of the population.

The report reiterates previous calls to security and military forces to respect fully international law and to refrain from any excessive use of force.

It notes that since the bombing of the Shiite mosque in Samarra in February, some 471,000 people have been forcibly displaced. It calls the situation in Baghdad “notably grave,” with insurgents including foreign terrorist groups remaining particularly active.

“No religious and ethnic groups, including women and children, have been spared from the widespread cycle of violence which creates panic and disrupts the daily life of many Iraqi families, prompting parents to stop sending their children to school and severely limiting normal movement around the capital and outside,” the report says, also citing a “dramatic increase” in abductions in recent months.

It notes a rapid erosion of women’s rights in the central and southern regions. “Women are reportedly living with heightened levels of threats to their lives and physical integrity, and forced to conform to strict, arbitrarily imposed morality codes,” it says, with cases of young women abducted by armed militia and found days later sexually abused, tortured and murdered.

“Female corpses are usually abandoned at the morgue and remain unclaimed for fear of damaging the family honour,” it adds. “More than 140 bodies were unclaimed and buried in Najaf by the morgue during the reporting period.” In a suspected honour crime case, a secondary school student was publicly hanged in east Baghdad by armed militia and her brother shot dead when he tried to rescue her.

In the north it cites “honour killings” with 239 reportedly women burning themselves in accidents or suicide attempts the first eight months of 2006. “Most victims of suspected honour crimes suffer horrific injuries which are unlikely to have been accidentally caused whilst cooking or refuelling oil heaters,” it says.

Attacks have also continued or escalated against minorities such as Christians, homosexuals, and the thousands of Palestinian refugees who are seen as having supported the ousted regime of Saddam Hussein.

“Killings, threats, intimidations, and kidnappings are becoming the norm for Palestinians in Iraq. Many of these actions are reportedly carried out by the militias wearing police or special forces uniform. Most of the victims are found dead or simply disappear,” the report says.

“The ability of new security plans to effect real change in Iraq will depend on a comprehensive reform program that can strengthen the rule of law and deliver justice for all Iraqis,” it stresses.

“It is essential that the State and the Government of Iraq are seen as united in their efforts to contain and eventually eradicate sectarian violence, to ensure the rule of law and, through that, remove the popular basis of support for the perpetrators of this violence.”

** UN News Centre, 16 january 2007; www.un.org

Zurück zur Irak-Seite

Zur Palästina-Seite

Zurück zur Homepage